肺功能检查是呼吸系统疾病的必要检查，对于早期检出肺、气道病变，评估疾病的病情严重程度及预后，评定药物或其它治疗方法的疗效，鉴别呼吸困难的原因，诊断病变部位、评估肺功能对手术的耐受力或劳动强度耐受力及对危重病人的监护等方面有重要的指导意义。我科在原有肺功能仪的基础上，新引进了德国JAEGER公司Master Sereen PFT肺功能仪，可以开展常规（普通）肺功能、肺容量检查、支气管舒张试验、支气管激发试验、弥散功能及残气容积检查。
An introduction to the department of pulmonary medicine
The department of pulmonary medicine is a professional unit which possesses a number of qualified doctors with responsible and experienced echelon, including three professor/chief physician, three associate chief physicians and four attending physicians. In this echelon,five own doctor degree; six own master degree and more than seventy postgraduates have enrolled in our department master programs.
We have total 48 patient beds, including 6 beds respiratory intensive care unit in our department. In addition, our department owns many kinds of facilities for diagnosis and treatment such as invasive and non-invasive ventilators, multifunction monitors, fibreoptic bronchoscopes as well as pulmometers.
Our hospital has the advanced medical equipments and complete infrastructures.Utilization of the advanced resources within the imaging center, bacteria room, blood gas analysis room and the department of clinical pathology, we have advantages in academics,scientific research on the pathogenesis, prevention and the cure of various respiratory infectious diseases, COPD, allergic diseases, acute and chronic respiratory failure, lung cancer, pleural diseases and other difficult and critically cases.
We are experience in the therapy of acute and chronic respiratory failure by carry out the early non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) ,remedy and physical therapeutics. The rate of successful rescue are improved obviously. In the past 10 years, the application scope of the technique of non-invasive mechanical ventilation has developed, such as hypooxia and dyspnoea brought about by any cause, acute and chronic respiratory failure, status asthmatics, medial to severe pneumonia, severe anemia, obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome(OSAS) as well as acute and chronic cardiac insufficiency, etc. Not only had the non-invasive mechanical ventilation technique been able to advert a danger that used to require a tracheal intubation or incision of trachea, but also reduced the trauma and medical cost geatly.
With our great efforts, the department has the ascendancy over other hospitals in such academic area as minimally invasive technique (transvenous catheter) to cure spontaneous pneumothorax, which is at the leading place in Guangdongprovince. Compared to the traditional therapy, the pleural closed drainage has a serial of good points: the trauma and the risk enormously decreased, length of stay shortened, the healing rate increased. Up to now, this technique has been regarded as a conventional therapy. A great many patients have taken advantage of this excellent technique. Through the combination of local chemotherapy in thoracic cavity and pleural adhesions, the quality of life with malignant pleural effusion patients are enhanced.
Meanwhile, our department is also adept at diagnosing and treating various respiratory diseases through transbronchial interventional therapy and aponia technique by the techniquefibreoptic bronchoscopy. The indications involve foreign body of bronchi, hemoptysis of unknown origin, lymphadenectasis, protracted cough and expectoration, bronchial asthma, common disease as well as frequently encountered disease. The technique provides advantage for a great many patients.
Pulmonary function tests are necessary in the examination of respiratory diseases, especially for the early detection of lung and airway disease. Moreover, the test can assess the severity and prognosis of the disease, the effectiveness of drug or other treatment, and identify the causes of dyspnea. Also, it can make evaluation on the pulmonary function of a patient before the operation and play an important role in monitoring the critical patient. Based on the original instrument, we also measured the pulmonary function, lung capacity, bronchial dilation, bronchial provocation test ,diffusing capacity and the residual gas volume by using a computerized system, Master Screen PFT,which is fromJaeger,Germany.
We have ever hosted and participated many scientific research works. The projects undertaken include The Basic and Clinic Research about Bronchial Asthma, which is referred to the study on the physical-chemical properties of the domestic sensitinogen and the mechanism of the neurogenic airway inflammation of asthma; Cough Variation Asthma (Chronic Cough); chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and so on. For the past ten years, there have been more than thirty pieces of clinical research articles have been published in the SCI and core periodicals such as THORAX, RESPIOLOGY and《Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases》.
Today, the department of pulmonary medicine has an excellent reputations in the province. Its progress has been possible given the continous hard work physicians who own the superb clinical experience, the strong patience and love. We will ensure that the clinic will be improved continually, we will do our best.